常考词的语法与用法:disappear, disappointed

编辑: 逍遥路 关键词: 高中英语 来源: 高中学习网


◆disappear v. 1. 表示“消失”,是不及物动词,因此不能用于被动语态。如: 他的怒气一会儿就消了。 误:His anger was soon disappeared. 正:His anger soon disappeared. 2. 通常不与副词 away 连用,以免用词重复。如: 误:Soon the children disappeared away. 正:Soon the children disappeared. 若要表示“消失在……”,其后可接 into, around, behind等介词。如: He disappeared into the dark. 他消失在黑暗中。 He disappeared around the corner. 他绕过拐角就不见了。 The plane disappeared behind a cloud. 火机飞入云中不见了。 ◆disappointed adj. 1. be disappointed 后接介词,情况比较,大致区别如下: (1) 表示对某人感到失望,通常用介词 with, in。如: I’m disappointed in you! How could you have lied likethat? 你让我失望了,你怎么能像那样说谎呢? My parents will be disappointed in [with] me if I failin the exam. 要是我考试不及格,我父母会对我感到失望的。 (2) 表示对某一行为(doing sth)感到失望,通常用介词 at, about等。如: We are all disappointed at [about] his failure. 我们都为他的失败而感到失望。 He was really disappointed about [at] not being able togo. 他未能去成实在感到失望。 (3) 表示对某一事实或情况感到失望,一般用介词 with, at, in 等。如: He’s disappointed at [in] the result. 他对结果感到失望。 He must be very disappointed with [at, about] your examresults. 他对你的考试成绩一定非常失望。 (4) 表示因得不到某东西或实现不了某愿望而失望,通常用介词of。如: I was disappointed of the car. 没等到车子我感到很失望。 He was disappointed of his ambition. 他因实现不了抱负而沮丧。 2. be disappointed 后接不定式。如: He was disappointed to hear the news. 听到这消息他很失望。 I was disappointed not to be chosen. 我没被选中,感到很沮丧。 3. be disappointed 后接 that 从句。如: We were disappointed that you couldn’t come. 你不能来我们感到很失望。 I’m rather disappointed that he should get the post. 他竟会得到这个职位,我感到很失望。 4. 比较 disappointing & disappointed: (1) disappointing 表示“令人失望的”,通常用于事物给人的感觉。如: What disappointing weather! 天气真叫人失望! Your work is really disappointing. 你的工作真是令人失望。 若用于“人”,则表示该人令别人失望。比较: The boy was very disappointing. 这男孩很令人失望。 (2) disappointed 表示“失望的”、“感到失望的”,通常用以说明“人”自己的感觉。如: She looks disappointed. 她看起来很失望。 I am very disappointed with my new bike. 我对我的新自行车感到很失望。 若用于修饰 voice, look, expression, appearance, manner等名词,则表示与之相关名词的逻辑主语感到失望。比较: We noticed a disappointing look on his face. 我们注意到他脸上一种令人失望的表情。(“他”并不失望,但见了他表情的人会失望) We noticed a disappointed look on his face. 我们注意到他脸上有一种失望的表情。(感到失望的是“他”,不是别人)
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